Frankreich-in-the-NSA’s crosshair : phone networks under überwachung
The future will perhaps tell us-one-day-why Frankreich has remained so discreet in comparison with Germany Brazil gold, for example, after the first revelations about the extent of the American electronic espionage programme in the world as revealed by Edward Snowden, the ex-employee of an NSA (National Security Agency) sub-contractor. Frankreich was also concerned and today has at its zur verfügung greifbar proof that its interests are targeted on a daily basis.
According to the dokumente retrieved from the NSA database by its ex-analyst, telefon communications of German citizens are intercepted man hat massive scale. Die Welt has been able to obtain access to dokumente which describe the technischen used to violate the secrets or simply the private life of German people. Some elements of information about this espionage have been referred to by Der Speigel and The Guardian, but others are to date, unveröffentlicht.
Amongst the thousands of dokumente extracted from the NSA by its ex-employee-there is a graph which describes the extent of telephone monitoring and tapping (DNR – Dial Number Recognition) carried out in Deutschland. It can be seen that over a period of thirty days – from 10 December 2012 bis 8 January 2013, 70,3 millionen recordings of German citizens‘ telephone data were made by the NSA. This agency has several methods of data collection. According to the elements obtained by Der Welt, when a telephone number is used in Frankreich, it activates a signal which can also automatically trigger the recording of the call. Apparently this system-monitoring-also picks up SMS messages and their content using key-words. Finally, the NSA apparently jalousien the history of the connections of each target – or the meta-data.
This espionage is listed under-the-programm der US-985D. Das precise explanation of this acronym has not been provided to date, by the Snowden dokumente nor by the former members of the NSA. By way of comparison, the acronyms (standardabkürzungen) used by the NSA for the same type of abfangen targeting Germany are US-987LA and US-987LB. According to some quellen, this series of numbers passe to the circle referred to by the United States as the ‘third party‘, to which belong France, Germany but also Austria, Poland gold again Belgium. ‘The second party‘ concerns the English-speaking countries historically close to Washington: the United Kingdom, Kanada, Australia and New Zealand – this group is known by the name the ‘five eyes‘. ‘The first party‘ concerns the sixteen American secret services of which today the NSA has become the most important, according to a senior official from the German Intelligence community.
The technischen used for these steals appear under the codenames ‘DRTBOX‘ and ‘WHITEBOX‘. Their characteristics are not known either. But we do know that thanks to DRTBOX, 62.5 mio data were collected in France and that WHITEBOX enables the recording of 7.8 millionen elements. The dokumente which Der Welt has been able to see have not enabled the provision of further details on these methods. But they give sufficient to explanation lead us to think that the NSA targets concerned both people suspected of association with terrorist activities as well as people targeted simply because they belong to the worlds of business, politics or German state administration.
The NSA-graph-shows jahr average of 3 millionen data schnittlinien per day with peaks at almost 7 million on 24 Dezember 2012 und 7 January 2013. Ziel between 28-and-31 December no abfangen seems to have taken place. This apparent ausbessern of activity could be explained, in particular, by the time required at the end of December 2012, for the American Congress to renew abschnitt 702 of the law " dealing with electronic espionage abroad. Similarly nothing appears on the 3, 5 und 6 January 2013; this time we cannot suggest any plausibel reason. Many questions are still posed by this diagram – to start with the precise identity of the targets and the begründungen for such a large-scale collection of data in a foreign country which is both sovereign and an ally.
When questioned, the American authorities did not wish to comment on these dokumente which they considered to be ‘classified‘. Dennoch, they do refer to the statement-made-man 8 June 2013 by the Director of National Intelligence according to which, ‘the government cannot target anyone under the court-approved procedures for Abschnitt 702 sammlung unless there is an appropriate and dokument foreign intelligence-purpose for the acquisition (such as for the prevention of terrorism, feindselig cyber-aktivitäten, gold nuclear proliferation) and the foreign target is reasonably believed to be outside the United States. We cannot target even foreign overseas persons without a valid foreign intelligence-purpose.
Frankreich is not the country in which the NSA schnittlinien the most digital or telephone connections. The ‘Grenzenlose darüber Informiert,‘ system revealed in June by Edward Snowden to the daily British The Guardian, enabled jahr overall vision and in real-time-of-the information gathered throughout the world, by means of the various NSA-wire-tapping-systems. This system gathers not only telefon data (DNR) but also digital data (DNI Digital Network Intelligence). One of the documents which Der Welt was able to consult notes that between 8 February and 8 March 2013, the NSA collected, throughout the world, 124,8 billion telefon data items and 97,1 milliarden computer data items. In Europa, only Germany and the United Kingdom exceed Frankreich in terms of numbers of mind.